Nonviolent Movements

Nonviolent movement is a locally grown to achieve democracy and human rights. Currently, it has started from Tunisia and Egypt and has spread across whole middle East region and then Africa. Started from Tunisia passed through Egypt, and Bahrain, Libya, Yemen and Iran are in its grip. Dictators in other countries are taking it as a early warning against their regimes. Following table will give you brief introduction of the movement while rest of the information will be posted on separate pages of each country.

 

Country Movement is against Who? Triggers Tactics used
Protestors Government
Libya

Colonel Qaddafi, he longest serving leader in the Arab world, who has ruled Libya since seizing power in a bloodless coup in 1969.

Protest started in January-11 in several cities over lack of subsidized housing issues, scheme of the government. Later people’s protest causes clash between police and protesters in Benghazi.Death toll in six days of unrest reached to 219 people nationwide.

Used mosque protests and raised issues of corruption and lack of democracy in the country.

Marches and Rallies and media

Use of Force

Showed pro-government procession chanting slogans in Government’s favor in Tripoli.

Released 110 prisoners belonging to the banned Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, largest release in recent time.

Anti-US speeches and Gadafis’ stance against West creates support for the regime

Tunisia A caretaker government has been in charge of the country since the dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country on 14 January after the protests that inspired other uprisings. Two months ago, a Tunisian fruit vendor lit a match that started a fire that has spread throughout the Arab world. Muhammad Bouazizi’s self-immolation prompted anti-government protests that toppled the regime in Tunisia. He did that because he lost his license to trade. Protests, Marches, Strikes Use of force and declaration of State of Emergency
Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad won a second term as President in 2009 in an election the opposition claim was rigged. He is the second most powerful man behind Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. After the leadership welcomed the revolt in Egypt, the opposition seized the opportunity and called a rally in support of the other Arab nations. One person was killed and dozens injured by security forces. Protests, rallies , media Use of force
Yemen

Jasmine Revolution

US ally President Ali Abdullah Saleh has been the ruler of the Arab world’s most impoverished nation for 32 years. Inspired by Tunisia Street protest- took vow until regime is toppled Use of force

Statement saying that he/ ruler will not run for election

Trying to diffuse the anger of protesters by statements

Bahrain A small oil producing country-however elected parliament and liberal policies Inspired by Tunisia and Egypt Protests, rallies and media Use of force killed people
Egypt

White Revolution

Hosni Mubarak who was  ruling since 3 decades Inspired by Tunisia but it was brewing simultaneously Protests, sit ins, march, media Use of force

Statements of not running for elections

Resignation by main person

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