Human Rights Defenders

Protection of human rights defenders should be Legitimate, Legal and Comprehensive

Who is Human Rights Defender?

  • Someone who promotes and protects human rights
  • Who respects good laws
  • Who is independent and impartial
  • Who does not support or/and believe in violence
  • Who does not have her/his political agenda
  • Who does not discriminate one group against other or one rights against others
  • Who does not exploit people for his/her own benefits
  • Someone who believes in human rights principles


Meet with Youvraj Kafle,  a Human Rights Defender from Nepal

RNP: Namaste Youvraj Kafle! Thank you very much for being with us for interview. Could you tell us about yourself and your work?

I had been working on the promotion and protection of human rights in Nepal since 1993, started from the information collection and documentation of the violation of human rights in remote and isolated areas of Nepal.

Youvraj Kafle

These Sorrowful experiences of people encouraged me to work for the promotion and protection of human rights with stronger commitment. I started working with national human rights NGOs in Nepal. After eight years experience, I went for further studies to Bangkok, Thailand where I completed one year course in International Development Studies from the Chulalongkorn University. The course helped me understanding the security issues of human rights defenders and mechanism available to them. It encouraged me to take lead in building the capacity of human rights defenders when returned to Nepal. Till now, I have trained around 250 national and local human rights defenders and some internationals on the security and protection of human rights defender and organizations. I was also part of efforts for the promotion of transitional justice and constitution making in Nepal. After such a rich experience in my own country, I realized the need to go to other countries and share my experience with them. Presently, I am with United Nation Mission with Darfur where I am managingthe protection of conflict affected children unit and implementing the mandate of the UN Security Council resolution 1612.

RNP: How is situation of human rights in Nepal? What are the main human rights issues in the country?

Nepal have been shadowed by the political crisis. Main human rights issue is impunity and then comes discrimination and corruption. The increasing culture of impunity in the country has threatened both human rights and human rights defenders in the country where law is unable to protection both. State is unable to hold perpetrators of human rights violators accountable. Victims of political conflict have been waiting to see the formation of Truth and Reconciliation Commission and other commissions on disappearances as reflected in the peace accord 2006. Marginalized community have not been welcomed in the open public space, they have been pushed back by creating different criteria and mechanisms which are absolutely discriminatory. Socio-economic rights of the people have not been taken into consideration by the political parties just because it does not serve their political interest.

RNP: How is the security situation and protection of human rights defenders in Nepal?

As I already explained that how culture of Impunity has been deeply rooted in Nepal and how it has been preventing people from enjoying their rights. In these circumstances, when individuals are above the law, how human rights defenders can feel secure. There are cases when human rights defenders beaten, harassed and even killed, but perpetrators are still at large. Women HRDs were raped but nobody was brought to book.

RNP: Would you like to comment on the role of Human Rights Commission of Nepal in the promotion and protection of human rights?

Legally speaking, National Human Rights Commission of Nepal is independent and established by the National Act and commissioner are apparently recruited by the recommendation of constitutional body of Nepal but in reality recruitment was done on the recommendations of different political parties. This can show the effectiveness of the commission. As a result, very few recommendations of national human rights commission have been implemented by the government. Once the Human Rights Commission summoned the Chief of the Army but he didn’t pay heed to the call. Movements of Commissioner were restricted during thee the conflict period. Commission was fully dependent on the finance ministry for the allocation of budget which robbed its independence and paralyzed it.

RNP: How is situation in Sudan where you are currently based?

I am working with a big umbrella of the UNAMID which is focusing on the issues of children affected by the armed conflict. We have been implementing the mandate of security council resolution 1612 in Darfur and we have achieved what we expected despite the challenges we faced.

RNP: Anything you would like to share with readers?

I would like to say that we all should pledge for peace and respect for human rights everywhere including my country Nepal.

RNP: Thanks Youvraj for your time. Your are really doing a great job. Stay safe, God Bless you.

  1. Amar Acharya says:

    Thanks, I like the interview, it is in broad and I wounder if you could specify the risk facing by different human rights defender in Nepal. such as working for socio-economic rights, women rights, child rights, indigenious rights, sexual monority rights, victim rights, etc.

    Hope to see your next Interview soon

    • Amar Acharya says:

      Dear Amar

      Thanks for your interest and concern on the risk encountering by HRDs in Nepal. You are rights in terms of the issues raised in the field is more about the civil and political rights so everyone’s concern goes to the risk comes because of the work of civil and political rights. But root causes of nepalese movement was to abolish discrimination, inequality and access to justice and it has not been achived so the NGOs and civil society member fighting for that and there are risk from whom they doesen’t want change in Nepal. Amar ji I can’t explain all in answer but I will come again with those kind of analysis. Insallah


  2. sohnishams says:

    Honourable,Mr. Muhammad Asif Ali Zardari Sb,President of PakistanPresident House, Islamabad. Subject: APPEAL – FAMILY OF ARMY PERSON Most Honourable Sir, Most respectfully it is stated that I, Mst Sohni Bibi, Wife Army Number. 2393218 Naik/Clerk Shamas Ud Din, resident of House No. 766, Al-Quresh Housing Scheme Phase-II Sher Shah Road Multan, who have been serving in Pak Army for 14 years. On 20 October 2005 being innocent he had been dismissed from service by Commandant Punjab Regiment Centre Mardan. Honourable Sir, We have forwarded many applications explanation/ clarifications to our honourable higher authorities vide which it was undertaken/requested that he had not been involved in fraudulent case, neither any amount penalized by the Accountability Court nor any amount has been recovered from him. GHQ AG’s Branch has acknowledged all our correspondence vide their letter No. 4603/26/PRCPPA-5 dated 18 September 2007 directing us that no more applications in future be submitted to GHQ. All above is so much strange/surprised and astonished for us and also unable to understand that Why we have been restricted to cry for Justice and for our rights?. We have disappointed badly, and our worst circumstances have constrained me to knock at your door for justice. Honourable Sir, Inspite of providing all proofs/evidences/documentary support for innocence of my husband, no justice have been provided to us so far and no one looked into the very simple matter/case of innocence sympathetically/carefully keeping in view of difficulties to our family members/kids of army personal in respect of living hoods. Honourable Sir, We are a very poor family. Our old parents and younger kids are dependents upon my husband and after “Allah” our living hoods dependents upon his job. My husband had completed 14 years service in Pak Army and during his entire service his conduct sheet is neat and clean and had not been involved in any case or misconduct. Honourable Sir, We have perusing the case since last six years. After Allah, we hope that your good honour being CUSTODIAN of the ARMY and have a great mandate from the Nation to solve problems and grant relief to each Pakistani, would be kind enough to look into the matter (Taking personal interest and entertaining a TESTING/CHALLENGING CASE), very sympathetically/carefully and RE-INSTATE him on his service as on humanitarian grounds in Pakistan Army. If he is given an opportunity to serve the Pak Army once again, he will take a batter care and look after of his all dependents in a good manner praying you and your family forever. The appellant prays for your long life and family.Thanks and regards and oblige.Respectfully Yours, Mst. Sohni Bibi, Wife of2393218 Naik/Clerk Shamas Ud Din,House # 766 Al-Quresh Housing Scheme Ph-II,Sher Shah Road, Multan. Pakistan.

  3. aalyn says:

    It also implement to Subordinate staff of Lahore High Courts, Lahore, Before the August 2008 equal pay & structure now huge difference is created by Punjab Govt. Main Shabaz Sharif

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