Human Rights

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Universality and Inalienability: Human rights are universal and inalienable. All people everywhere in the world are entitled to them. The universality of human rights is encompassed in the words of Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”

Indivisibility: Human rights are indivisible. Whether they relate to civil, cultural, economic, political or social issues, human rights are inherent to the dignity of every human person. Consequently, all human rights have equal status, and cannot be positioned in a hierarchical order. Denial of one right invariably impedes enjoyment of other rights. Thus, the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living cannot be compromised at the expense of other rights, such as the right to health or the right to education.

Human Rights Principle

Interdependence and Interrelatedness: Human rights are interdependent and interrelated. Each one contributes to the realization of a person’s human dignity through the satisfaction of his or her developmental, physical, psychological and spiritual needs. The fulfilment of one right often depends, wholly or in part, upon the fulfilment of others. For instance, fulfilment of the right to health may depend, in certain circumstances, on fulfilment of the right to development, to education or to information.

Equality and Non-discrimination: All individuals are equal as human beings and by virtue of the inherent dignity of each human person. No one, therefore, should suffer discrimination on the basis of race, colour, ethnicity, gender, age, language, sexual orientation, religion, political or other opinion, national, social or geographical origin, disability, property, birth or other status as established by human rights standards.

Participation and Inclusion: All people have the right to participate in and access information relating to the decision-making processes that affect their lives and well-being. Rights-based approaches require a high degree of participation by communities, civil society, minorities, women, young people, indigenous peoples and other identified groups.

Accountability and Rule of Law: States and other duty-bearers are answerable for the observance of human rights. In this regard, they have to comply with the legal norms and standards enshrined in international human rights instruments. Where they fail to do so, aggrieved rights-holders are entitled to institute proceedings for appropriate redress before a competent court or other adjudicator in accordance with the rules and procedures provided by law. Individuals, the media, civil society and the international community play important roles in holding governments accountable for their obligation to uphold human rights.


Main Human Rights Treaties and Pakistan  (RightsNOW Pakistan)
Treaty or Convention Signed Ratified Reporting Treaty Status
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.  


11 Dec 1948

12 Oct 1957
Paris, 9 December 1948  

Signatories 41, Parties 141


International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD).  


19 Sep 1966
09/21/66 New York, 7 March 1977  

Signatories : 85. Parties : 174


International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).  


3 Nov 2004
04/17/08 Signatories : 69. Parties : 160 


.a Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  


Signatories : 35. Parties : 3 (Eacuador, Mongolia and Spain).
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 


17 Apr 2008
06/23/10 New York, 16 December 1966  

Signatories : 72. Parties : 167

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  


NO NO New York, 16 December 1966  

Signatories : 35. Parties : 113

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 


12 Mar 1996 a New York, 18 December 1979  

Signatories : 98. Parties : 186

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.  


17 Apr 2008
06/23/10 Signatories : 77. Parties : 147 

Newyork , 10 December 1984

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)  


20 Sep 1990
11/12/90 New York, 20 November 1989 

Signatories : 140. Parties : 193


International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance  


NO NO New York, 20 December 2006 

Signatories : 88. Parties : 23



  1. SOHNI SHAMS says:

    Honourable,Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan, GHQ, Rawalpindi. Subject: APPEAL – FAMILY OF ARMY PERSON Most Honourable Sir, Most respectfully it is stated that I, Mst Sohni Bibi, Wife Army Number. 2393218 Naik/Clerk Shamas Ud Din, resident of House No. 766, Al-Quresh Housing Scheme Phase-II Sher Shah Road Multan, who have been serving in Pak Army for 14 years. On 20 October 2005 being innocent he had been dismissed from service by Commandant Punjab Regiment Centre Mardan. Honourable Sir, We have forwarded many applications explanation/ clarifications to our honourable higher authorities vide which it was undertaken/requested that he had not been involved in fraudulent case, neither any amount penalized by the Accountability Court nor any amount has been recovered from him. GHQ AG’s Branch has acknowledged all our correspondence vide their letter No. 4603/26/PRCPPA-5 dated 18 September 2007 directing us that no more applications in future be submitted to GHQ. All above is so much strange/surprised and astonished for us and also unable to understand that Why we have been restricted to cry for Justice and for our rights?. We have disappointed badly, and our worst circumstances have constrained me to knock at your door for justice. Honourable Sir, Inspite of providing all proofs/evidences/documentary support for innocence of my husband, no justice have been provided to us so far and no one looked into the very simple matter/case of innocence sympathetically/carefully keeping in view of difficulties to our family members/kids of army personal in respect of living hoods. Honourable Sir, We are a very poor family. Our old parents and younger kids are dependents upon my husband and after “Allah” our living hoods dependents upon his job. My husband had completed 14 years service in Pak Army and during his entire service his conduct sheet is neat and clean and had not been involved in any case or misconduct. Honourable Sir, We have perusing the case since last six years. After Allah, we hope that your good honour being CUSTODIAN of the ARMY and have a great mandate from the Nation to solve problems and grant relief to each Pakistani, would be kind enough to look into the matter (Taking personal interest and entertaining a TESTING/CHALLENGING CASE), very sympathetically/carefully and RE-INSTATE him on his service as on humanitarian grounds in Pakistan Army. If he is given an opportunity to serve the Pak Army once again, he will take a batter care and look after of his all dependents in a good manner praying you and your family forever. The appellant prays for your long life and family.Thanks and regards and oblige.Respectfully Yours, Mst. Sohni Bibi, Wife of2393218 Naik/Clerk Shamas Ud Din,House # 766 Al-Quresh Housing Scheme Ph-II,Sher Shah Road, Multan. Pakistan.

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