Archive for February, 2014


Posted: February 23, 2014 in News and Views

SAJA 2014 Journalism Scholarships

SAJA is pleased to offer up to $60,000 in scholarship and internship assistance this year to help students pursue their education and future careers in journalism. Scholarship applications are now being accepted.

If you will be a high school student, undergraduate, graduate student in Fall 2014, and you’re pursuing a journalism career, here’s your chance to get help with your educational expenses. The scholarship amounts typically range from $2,500-$5,000 each.

These annual monetary awards recognize the reporting abilities and commitment of emerging journalists. Students from across the United States, Canada and South Asia can apply for the awards. But applicants must be pursuing their education in a North American educational institution in Fall 2014.

Applicants must either be of South Asian origin or demonstrate a strong interest in covering South Asia and/or the diaspora.

The judging is conducted by SAJA professional members.

Applicants with financial hardship may be given special consideration. Recipients are expected to give back to SAJA by volunteering at the annual convention or at other events during the year. They also must provide an update of their journalistic endeavors and achievements at the conclusion of the academic year.

The 2014 application is due at 11:59pm ET on March 9, 2014. Winners will be notified in early April.

Please fill out the appropriate application:

SAJA High School Scholarship Application

SAJA Undergraduate Scholarship Application

SAJA Graduate Scholarship Application

Direct questions to


RightsNow Pakistan and Sindh Progressive Lawyers Forum (SPLF) jointly condemn the target killing of Aaqib Shahani s/o of Khalid Shahani, District & Session Judge Jacobabad yesterday evening at Hyderabad club road. According to police, the deceased, son of session judge Khalid Hussain Shahani was travelling with his family when his vehicle was intercepted by unknown gunmen, who said to be unknown, forced Aaqib Hussain out of the vehicle and sprayed him with bullets before fleeing.

This is not the first time that the Judges, lawyers and other members of the legal fraternity are attacked in Pakistan. Before this incident, many judges’ houses were robbed at Hyderabad and other places. Judges of the Higher Judiciary were attacked. One of such examples is assassination attempt of Justice Maqabool Baqir, a judge of Sindh High Court (SHC), then, now Chief Justice of Sindh High Court. Attack on Justice Maqbool Baqir was the second bombing targeted the Pakistani judiciary in six months period. Yesterday’s attack and killing of son of a District and Session Judge Jacobabad in Hyderabad city where most of the time security arrangement are seen in routine brings the police’s capacity and efficiency in question and indicates that if the judges are not secure than a common man’s security is an elusive dream. This creates sense of insecurity in every citizen’s mind.  

Judges in Pakistan and everywhere deals with serious and sensitive cases, require strong security arrangements, through this incident, have received a message by the criminal and terrorist elements that they are at high risk. This attack on the son of District and Session Judge and attacks on other judges are attacks on the independence of judiciary and rule of law. We are extremely concerned that these attacks signal a renewed challenge to the ability of the police of Pakistan and pose a threat to judiciary to function as an independent institution.

We also feel sorry on the lack of sensitivity and indifference of both the Government of Pakistan (GoP) and the Government of Sindh and police department which despite the knowledge of existing threats to the judges, lawyers and other members of the legal fraternity, has been very slow in responding the dire security need of the judges. Police department and Government of Pakistan is ignoring the fact that in our country where small criminal gangs and extremist groups have been provided with arms, training, safe heaven by large organization commit international crimes have links to criminals and terrorist at national and local level. Government of Pakistan and Department of Police have failed to develop adequate policing capacity in any part of the country to ensure safety and security of judges, lawyers and other members of the legal fraternity.

We strongly recommend that the Government of Pakistan, Department of Police need to develop the appropriate strategy of sharing and proactive mechanism to prevent threats and attacks to judicial official and judges that now seems to occur on daily basis. We stand with Mr. Khalid Hussain Shahani, District & Session Judge, Jacobabad and his family, who have suffered an irreparable loss and also all the judges and justices who are working in a very volatile situation and taking high risks while performing their duties for dispensation of justice. We call for swift action by the Hyderabad police which is now under command of an experienced and honest police official/DIG Hyderabad for proper investigation of the matter and expect speedy arrest of the real culprits involved in the criminal act. We hope the deployment/posting of new DIG Hyderabad will introduce concrete security measures in Hyderabad region which will help increase the level of confidence of police in the new DIG and all other police and security officials will follow such example.


President, Sindh Progressive Lawyers Forum (SPLF) & Chief Executive RightsNow Pakistan



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It was reported through some active civil society actors and human rights defenders from Tharparkar region that some land grabbers are cutting trees and their intentions are to grab the land spread over hundreds of kilometres. According to news, these people are claiming support of Pir Pagara, Spiritual leader of Hurs, and eminent politicians. Cutting off trees and selling them is source of revenue for these people and another thing is grabbing the land which is of the Government. We are forgetting the Pakistan is already facing an environmental threat due to increasing pollution. On one side we are promting the cause of planiting trees on the other side these mafias are cutting tress forgetting that their short term interest are less important than the interest of saving earth and preventing pollution. In this regard, it become duty of the State and state actors to save trees and challenge such groups and mafias who are threat to trees and environment. If state fails or is not willing, it becomes duty of the citizens to act against such things. In Umer kot district when a group of land mafia cut trees spread over piece of land over kilometres and trying to grab the land. Human rights defenders, poets writers, journalists and other civil society actors protested in front of the Deputy Commissioner office and call for support and protection. Main issue in this regard which has disturbed the whole civil society is that this mafia has started encroaching the land where famous poet Haleem Baghi and Juamn Darbar reside. Their village called ROHAL WA is target.

Another negative development in this regard is that the mafia has bought the support of expensive lawyers and served 30-32 civil society actors notices of defamation and using legal tools to harrass them. These civil society actors include AWARE Head Ali Akbar Rahimoon, DAWN correspondent A B Arisar, poet Juman Darbadar, Ishaq Sand, Haleem Baghi and others. In order to counter them, Sindh Progressive Lawyers.

RightsNow Pakistan contacted different sources of Pagaro group for knowing their version and intimating them about the misuse of their name for land grabbing and chopping off trees and requested them for withdrawing support if they in anyways do to such act which is illegal and against the community and environment. In case, the patronage was continued and the threat to the rights of community, environment continued, RightsNow Pakistan and Sindh Progressive Lawyers Forum will act on behalf of them.   

Profile of the poet, Haleem Baghi whose village is also under threat of these land mafia agents.

News published in Dawn about protest by the Civil Society

Rampage during preparation for Pagara visit slammed- The Newspaper’s Correspondent- Published 2014-02-04 07:15:34

UMERKOT: A large number of activists of nationalist parties, villagers and townspeople took out a procession here on Monday in protest against chopping off of trees in historical Rohal Wai village by land mafia.

Haleem Baghi and Juman Darbadar, well-known poets, who led the protest told journalists that members of land mafia were using a visit to the village by Pir Sahib Pagara expected within two weeks to grab the 100-acre government land.

They had started chopping off trees and bulldozing all other structures on the pretext of preparing the land for a public gathering to be addressed by Pir Pagara, they said.

They said that in fact the land mafia wanted to occupy the government land and sell it out to earn millions of rupees. They had informed local leadership of PPP and PML-F about it but none bothered to stop them, they said.

Khatai Thebo, a leader of Sindhi Adabi Sangat (SAS) and poet, said that if land grabbers were not stopped, the SAS would launch a series of protests across the province.

Primary teacher Mohammad Juman Gajoo said the land mafia had made people’s lives miserable in the district. After having encroached upon government land they sold it off to multiple customers, he said.

Poet Haji Sand urged Pir Pagara to stop the land grabbers who were bringing to him and his party bad name by bulldozing houses of the poor and illegally occupying them.

Social activist Abdul Haleem Soomro said that some members of land mafia associated with Hur Jamaat were busy encroaching upon government land and the land owned by the poor people which had tarnished the image of the party.

Ali Akbar Rahimoo appealed to SSP of Umerkot to set up a police picket near the land to scare away armed men of land mafia who were terrorising area people. Many villagers had moved applications to local courts against the land-grabbers, he said.



Asia Division

(Islamabad base preferred)

Application Deadline:  February 14, 2014



Human Rights Watch (“HRW”) is seeking a Researcher with its Asia Division, with a preference that the person be based in Islamabad or elsewhere in Pakistan and speaks Urdu. The Researcher will be responsible for developing and implementing a research and advocacy agenda focusing on Pakistan. The position reports to the Director of the Asia Division.




1. Monitoring and documenting human rights abuses by collecting and analyzing information from a wide variety of sources including governments, local media, NGOs, journalists, diplomats, security forces and others in the field;


2. Conducting fact-finding missions, recognizing the need for innovative methodologies to ensure security of staff and sources in Pakistan; 


 3. Writing and publicizing reports, briefing papers, letters, news releases, op-eds, and submissions to international bodies based on the findings of your research;


4. Developing and implementing local, regional, and international strategies to change abusive laws, policies, and practices;


5. Responding promptly and thoroughly to queries from the media, public, and colleagues in the human rights community;


6. Strong advocacy skills in presenting human rights issues and concerns to government officials, opinion leaders, inter-governmental agencies, and the media;


7. Working closely with colleague non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and local human rights organizations to ensure that HRW’s work complements and enhances their own work;


8. Liaising effectively with HRW staff located in multiple locations throughout the world to ensure effective coordination and delivery of activities;


9. Traveling domestically and internationally for weeks at a time, possibly several times a year; and


10. Carrying out any other duties as required.




Education:  An advanced (graduate) degree in international relations, journalism, law, or social sciences is preferred.


Experience:  Substantial experience working on Pakistan. 


Related Skills and Knowledge: 


1. Ability to identify, research, analyze and effectively communicate important human rights developments in the area of specialty in a timely and sophisticated fashion is required.


2.  Ability to develop and implement realistic and effective local and international advocacy strategies and tactics in order to identify and seize advocacy opportunities is required.


3. Demonstrated ability to think strategically about the global and local media environments and how to use the media and electronic media to further advocacy goals is required.


4. Knowledge of and experience working in international human rights and familiarity with international human rights law is required.


5.  Solid field research and documentation skills are required.


6. Excellent oral and written communication skills in English are essential; Urdu is strongly preferred.


7. Strong initiative and follow-through, the capacity to think creatively and strategically, excellent writing and editing skills, and a dynamic public speaking ability are all required.


8. Strong interpersonal skills in order to work collaboratively within HRW as well as with local partners, government officials and external media partners.


9. Ability work quickly and effectively under pressure with a broad range of people and as part of a team.


Salary and BenefitsHRW seeks exceptional applicants and offers competitive compensation and employer-paid benefits.  HRW will pay reasonable relocation expenses and will assist employees in obtaining necessary work authorization, if required; citizens of all nationalities are encouraged to apply.


Contact:  Please submit a cover letter, curriculum vitae, salary requirements, a brief writing sample (unedited by others), and contact information for three references to Please use “Pakistan Researcher Ref ASIA-14-1002-B” as the subject of your email. Only complete applications will be reviewed and only qualified candidates will be contacted. Human Rights Watch is an equal opportunity employer that does not discriminate in its hiring practices and, in order to build the strongest possible workforce, actively seeks a diverse applicant pool.Human Rights Watch is an international human rights monitoring and advocacy organization known for its in-depth investigations, its incisive and timely reporting, its innovative and high-profile advocacy campaigns, and its success in changing the human rights-related policies and practices of influential governments and international institutions.


Karachi is choking with serious traffic jam. This is a serious issue faced by Karachites. I have observed most of our karachites friend talk about this issue and share their suffering but hardly any play his/her role in reducing that problem. Yesterday while I was coming out of High Court Karachi, saw this lady was busy in traffic management. She had one whistle hanging in her neck, one stick and high level of confidence. I was amazed to see how she was performing her duties a concerned citizen. She is not only taking high risk of being struck by passing vehicle but also bearing fatigue. As a token of appreciation, I took her picture and saluted her. She returned salam and said “Thank you sir.” She does this so we all could travel easily with comfort. Wish
Ardeshir Cowasjee were alive today and could have seen her doing this.These are the roles, Cowasjee use to ask everyone of us to play in the society.

Those who measure woman empowerment, may have different indicators like performance of a woman in playing her role in professional, technical, managerial jobs or in parliament. To me this is the best example of woman empowerment, civic sense, patriotism and good and responsible citizenry.

Hope we all will follow her and do something good in the society for collective good. Also, don’t forget to appreciate her when you pass through that road.


Ali Akbar Rahimoon, who goes by Ali Rahimoon, a renowned, committed, skilled development professional and a trailblazer for young human rights defenders in Tharparkar region. I do not feel hesitant saying that he is daring, unafraid and straight forward. He has always refused to surrender before temptations and greed. Now what I am going to say about him, may annoy elected representatives from Tharparkar region, but I must share with you all that Ali has done more important work in Tharparkar than all elected representative have done together. I say this because elected representatives have interest of vote while Ali’s interest in Thar and Thari people is based on his love, affection, sincerity for his people and land. Be it an issue of human rights violation of people, exploitation of resources in Thar and royalty of Thari people, education or environment. Ali has always been leading the movement and fortunate is that he has always been successful in facilitating people’s access to justice and raising voice against violations. Ali has tested nonviolent means to get people’s rights recognized, and protected and he disapproves violent means as tools. If someone ask me what I like in Ali Rahimoon is his strong desire of changing things which need to be changed. Also his sense of wanting a fairness and equality makes him different from others. In this journey, Ali has faced high level threats and risks but with the support of local civil society, media, support of masses and national and international actors, he managed to continue his good work. Recently, I got a chance to interview Ali who is  leading an organization called AWARE that work on human rights and development. Let us talk to Ali and ask him about his ideas, work, dreams, perspectives, challenges and threats he faces in his work.
RNP: Ali! What does AWARE DO which is different from other NGOs?

Ali: It used human rights based approach and strive for the establishment of a REAL equal society where people determine their own fate and live according to their own choices. We change what need to be changed and direction of change decided by us, people of Thar. Behind all are programmes, one point agenda is EMPOWERMENT of population who are down trodden and marginalized.
RNP: What are front on which AWARE has fought and examples it has set?
Ali: AWARE has been remained successful to set examples i.e. usually it is said for Thar that there is hot weather but AWARE Team has initiated harvesting solar energy and set example of illuminating huts in deep desert where it was not perceived. Gusting winds are there and because of that most of the time people don’t prefer to go to Thar but AWARE harvested that energy and set examples of dragging out underground water even from depth of 300 feet. The power structure in Thar is little bit different from other areas of Sindh or country. Traditional taboos are very strong and those support the oppressor in violation of human rights of Thari people but AWARE with participation of community mainly and also stakeholders set some examples of breaking the silence and created ripple effect in backward area of Thar. i.e. Moomal case, Charnore school case and recently Motaan Bhaeel case is one of such example set in Thar Desert that demystified some myths and provided way to struggle for emancipation and strive for best in backward area.
RNP: Do you work on human rights protection? What cases you have raised? What happened to Motaan Bheel Case which we know your organization raised?

Ali: AWARE has set examples and through its struggle, it has created ripple effect in backward area of Thar. i.e. Moomal case, Charnore school case and recently Motaan Bhaeel case is one of such example set in Thar Desert that demystified some myths and provided way to struggle for emancipation and strive for best in backward area.
RNP: How did you succeed in getting justice for the victim and family?
Ali: AWARE Team has taken it seriously because this was the first case of gang rape in Thar in the recorded history of Tharparkar. Initially, victim’s family and AWARE’s Team approached to the police but police did not take it serious because of pressure of politicians of rulling party who were backing the perpetrators. We also realized that local media was not giving due coverage to the case and their coverage was sporadic and not consistent. Then I decided to take pen and write on the issue in Daily Kawish published in Daily Kawish Mid Week on 11th of September 2013, can be read at

Later the same was translated by me in English and that published in Lahore Times can be read at

This media coverage took the issue at national level and raised the level of protection of victim, family and those who were struggling and discouraged the local politicians assisting perpetrators. Police also got a message that if they did not handle the issue properly then action might be taken against them. So we got an interim success in this regard. This was first case of its nature in Thar which disturbed the peace of Thar and made us upset. Due to political pressure of ruling party, Police and medico legal authorities were not discharging their duties properly. For justice for victim, we along with the family of victim protested outside press club of Chachro press. This act invited many threats and our and victim and families security was in danger but stood together and realized that our unity and firmness along with the support of our civil society friends we managed to advocate the case. We also realized that in that test local media was not depicting the real situation. Later, we contacted Civil Society Network Sindh and national media which did its job properly and that also pressurized local media which was reluctant before. As a result, a detailed story published in Express Tribune on 12th of September 2013 by Farha Naz Zahidi on Motaan Case available and ca be read at

It drew attention of the Chief Justice of Pakistan, who took the notice of the issue and within 24 hours all 08 culprits were arrested by Police. More details are available here at

RNP: It was reported that the culprits were influential? How did you cope up with the situation?

Ali: This is part of record that an MPA of ruling party, Dr Mahesh Kumar Mallani issued a statement that “There is no gang rape taken place, I shall interrogate”. It was surprising for all that in which capacity an elected member is saying about it, what type of mandate he has to interrogate? And whom he wants to interrogate? (Published in media). Victim’s family was poor and having no political support, so being a member of AWARE and a human rights defender I supported it. I had not got any direct threat from any member of ruling party but indirectly it was felt. In case of not taking notice by CJP may be ruling party members get pressurized me or AWARE Team members as well as victimized family.

RNP: How did you engaged media on this issue?

Actually problem with local media is not one but many. One: they are also human being and live in the
Local society and face pressures by local feudals and other strong groups including armed actors but another issue is also that they are not sensitive to human rights, gender equality and other concepts so these lacking hinder their professional reporting. In this case, local correspondents were not clear about medical examination report. correspondent lack skills and means to report the reality of such cases i.e. initial medical examination report was not clear and local correspondents were unclear about the medico legal aspects. There is couple of members of press club and none is from mainstream media, so case was not being reported properly. Having background of journalism, I wrote the investigative article in Sindh and then translated in English and publishing of that echo the voice. Later on International media reported the issue and CJP took the notice.

RNP: What are other issues of Thar and how are they are being raised?

Thar is in the process of hyperchange and it will be not desert any more but a hub of interests of national and international corporations. The major aspects which are of importance and draw international corporations interest are: exploration and exploitation of Thar coal, granite, china clay, salt and gypsum etc.

But issue with us is that our elected representatives and other state actors are not raising voice on resettlement policy.Politicians are totally silent on major issue of Thar because of their cheap political interests. They are forgetting that their political interest is in raising Thari people’s issues if they really want to get success in elections. These issues are not simple and can can not be taken far granted. They are forgetting that future of Thari people is totally dependent on that. Views of technocrats’ on draft Resettlement Policy Framework for Thar Coal Fields can be viewed in a report of event held at Hyderabad on Nov 07, 2013 in which different stakeholders participated and it remained of high importance in terms of eye opener for the primary and secondary level stakeholders but decision makers are not paying heed to it. It can be read at

– Concerns of Thari people echoed in public hearings called on SEIA by Companies/SEPA and present views/concerns and suggestions on protecting the rights of indigenous people were raised. Its video can be seen here. Videos of couple of such events can be viewed here

Here is an article on the resettlement policy published in Daily Kawish is suggesting a lot.
Daily Kawish

– Consultation on RPF at Mithi on platform of Marooara Coordination Council, its a council raises issues of Thar did a consultation meeting and its report is present here:

– AWARE stance on Thar coal exploitation can be viewed

RNP: How do you mobilize people and stakeholders on issues affecting people?

Ali: Its really not easy. It is really a hard job. AWARE uses different ways and means to educate and sensitize the stakeholders including; publishing quarterly magazine in local language Sindhi, pamphlets and stickers on different issues, theater shows and also organizing training and exposure visits for reporters of different newspapers and correspondents of TV channels in Tharparkar and adjoining areas, so media proved effective way to echo the voice on said matters and you may visit some online links;

– Being a local CSO, AWARE had been raising voice on above said issues but continuity and alliance building/solidarity/proper forum was missing
– Issue of encroachment by salt mine holders in area of Mokhai, near Nanagrparkar was highlighted in July 2011. The salt mine owners had raised construction near water source of villagers/blocked the way or access to water and also created disturbance in mobility of villagers as well as grazing of animals
– The mobility of heavy vehicles was causing land degradation
– The media has highlighted the issues. Some links of English papers are at

– Seminar on water polluted by China clay factories was conducted at Nangarparkar in 2011

– The authorities concerned have been wrote to take the actions but response is very poor
Poor situation of governance and status of basic rights; i.e. drinking water.AWARE remained extensively engaged in advocacy work on water issues in Umer-kot and Tharparkar Districts. A documentary has been developed by Ms. Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy

-Deep underground water and difficult practice of dragging out from dug wells compels inhabitants to use less water and ultimately hygiene issues affects health and living standard.

Education: this is another aspect and without this Thari people will not be able to get their rights in future. You may feel the dismal situation of education in Tharparkar by going through these links.

 BBC Urdu reported the issues related to education, so on March 06, 2013 BBC Team also visited some villages and on March 18, 2013 BBC radio and Serbeen on Express TV relayed the reports which are self explanatory, so you are requested to go through the links

 BBC Team also visited village Manjhi Rind and met with children of a AWARE supported community school and highlighted and quoted as example in documentary. An encouraging response of media for community and AWARE Team!

 Daily Times published a letter in which initiative of AWARE; “Children Learning Resource Centers” is ppreciated

 Pak Tribute also published the same letter
 A full page special supplement on Educational Research has been published in Daily Times
 Seminar on Status of Education and Future of Thar (Regional Times (Monday, September 30, 2013)
• Report published in daily dawn as Call to improve education standards in Thar (Call to improve education standards in Thar)
• The Pioneer online paper published report of Seminar on Education situation-of-education-5836/
• Daily Times published report of education seminar
• Lahore Times published report on education event

RNP: Did PPP Government take any action on it?

Ali: PPP was seen as a change in politics of Thar and people had high hopes but not so far they delivered any countable relief to Thari people. It will be astonishing/surprising for readers that in last tenure of PPP made 05 promises to provide safe drinking water to a fluoride worst affected village Samoo Rind but not a single is fulfilled. Again people are protesting but no one is taking its notice.

– Nisar Khauhro announced in a public gathering on March 30, 2010 at Karachi and he even said that in next assembly sesion he will mobilize MPAs for donation of one salary to meet the immediate need of Thari people!

– Ms Sharmila Farooqui then advisor to CM announced on June 15, 2009 that she will take measures to provide water to suffering souls of Samoo Rind

– Chief Minister Sindh took notice on a news about Samoo Rind issue appeared in daily Dawn

– DCO Tharparkar had sent a report with clear recommendation along report of AWARE research on May 19, 2011 that villagers must be provided water on urgent basis ! (the details are attached herewith – scan copies of letters and news clippings)

– villagers and AWARE members protested at Mithi press club and observed 05 days hunger strike

– the MNA and PPP president for District Tharparkar Dr Mahesh Malani (in present assembly he is MPA from Mithi) came to hunger strike camp on sixth day and he assured that within week issue will be resolved

RNP: What Aware or you as an individual are doing on Thar Coal Issue?

It is clear to us that being an individual or only AWARE Team cannot change the policies or resolve the issues. It needs much more efforts, lobbying, networking and joint efforts to deal with the situation. In the progress made so far, AWARE is not a single contributor but it all happened in the result of so many people and institution’s support. As AWARE is conscious about exploration and use of natural resources of Thar; coal, granite, china clay, salt and gypsum so always raised the voice and given call to other like minded friends and organizations to play their due role. The exploration and exploitation process is going on different levels/magnitude, so the intensity and types of issues are also different. AWARE had been raising voice on different aspects by keeping in view the rights of indigenous people, environment, climate change and disasters. But it is realized by time that issue in its nature is complex and needs collective efforts, so you are requested to guide and support AWARE Team as rights of indigenous people can secured by highlighting the case timely.
– Tharparkar District is spread over on 19638 sqkms and there are coal reserves in 9100 sqkms area. There is 175 billion tons lignite coal deposits in Thar.
– The coal area is divided in blocks and so far 03 Companies have got permission for mining. Only in one block the work is ongoing for underground coal gasification and other one Company has started land acquisition process at initial level.
– Govt of Sindh and Companies (project proponent) are in process of conducting studies on socioeconomic studies including relocating the people and devising compensation strategy etc. The resettlement policy is the major step in said process. Three public hearings on SEIAs are also held so far.
– Media is highlighting issues of not hiring local people etc
– Resettlement Policy Draft is termed flawed by people of Thar because Thari people don’t want to sale but give land on lease. There is no clear critical path for alternate livelihood, mitigation of environmental disaster (which will occur during open pit mining on Thar) whereas Thar is already facing every third year as a drought year.
– There is more than 0.2 million acres land lying in the name of enemy or evacuee property and land rights are not given to local people, so the inhabitants can’t claim for compensation. Even PPP Govt had not given a single acre of land to landless peasant women in Thar during both tenures of their Govt.
– The grazing land (Gaucher) and communal land are considered as Govt/state land and there is no mechanism of compensation against that, whereas said land is common property of villagers and that is of villagers not State Land.
– Coal companies/field needs technical human resources and there is no or very limited such technical and quality manpower is available in Thar, so indigenous people will not be able to get more benefit from projects
– Open pit as well as underground coal gasification process has direct impacts on environment, land, fauna and flora but not considered/highlighted by media and other stakeholders
Areas of possible intervention:
– Critical review of all daft policies; Resettlement Policy Framework, SEIAs (so far conducted as well as upcoming) and Land Grant Policies.
– Translation of above said policies in local language Sindhi and make available at District HQ at least
– Raise awareness of primary and secondary level stakeholders on different aspects of upcoming projects, rights of indigenous people, affects on environment/increasing vulnerabilities of drought hit people of Thar.
– Get know, compile and present “Peoples Perspective” through different means and ways to motivate the responsible segments for addressing timely
– Capacity building of local journalists and activists Study on land rights issues – evacuee/enemy property – struggle reform in Thar land Grant Policy
What AWARE has done so far:
– AWARE and RDF also held a joint policy review workshop cum dialogue on Draft Resettlement Policy Framework for Thar Coal Fields at Hyderbabd on Nov 07, 2013 in which different stakeholders participated and it remained of high importance in terms of eye opener for primary and secondary level stakeholders Brief report is attached herewith for your kind concentration.

– AWARE Team minutely reviews SEIAs and mobilize community to participate in public hearings called on SEIA by Companies/SEPA and present views/concerns and suggestions on protecting the rights of indigenous people. Videos of couple of such events can be viewed here

– An investigative report/article contributed on Draft Resettlement Policy Framework – Thar coal fields and published by Daily Kawish

– Consultation on RPF at Mithi on platform of Marooara Coordination Council

– AWARE stance on Thar coal exploitation can be viewed

– AWARE uses different ways and means to educate and sensitize the stakeholders including; publishing quarterly magazine in local language Sindhi, pamphlets and stickers on different issues, theater shows and also organizing training and exposure visits for reporters of different newspapers and correspondents of TV channels in Tharparkar and adjoining areas, so media proved effective way to echo the voice on said matters and you may visit some online links;

– Being a local CSO, AWARE had been raising voice on above said issues but continuity and alliance building/solidarity/proper forum was missing
– Issue of encroachment by salt mine holders in area of Mokhai, near Nanagrparkar was highlighted in July 2011. The salt mine owners had raised construction near water source of villagers/blocked the way or access to water and also created disturbance in mobility of villagers as well as grazing of animals
– The mobility of heavy vehicles was causing land degradation
– The media has highlighted the issues. The scan copies of news clippings can be shared whereas some links of English papers are
– Seminar on water polluted by China clay factories was conducted at Nangarparkar in 2011
– The authorities concerned have been wrote to take the actions but response is very poor

RNP: Do you or your organization act alone or with the support of network? How is that network?

AWARE is member of different networks; Marooara Coordination Council Tharparkar, Fresh Water Action Network South Asia (FANSA), AAHM and other networks, so we raise voice on different issues through these platforms too.
As far as the successes made, so far; we are grateful to family members of victimized families i.e. Ms. Motan Bheel for taking stand, family members of Ms. Moomal for being patient and trust in AWARE Team, school management committee members of Charonore for standing up against the lawlessness and negligence by line departments, villager of Samoo Rind who are still struggling since 2008.

AWARE Team is highly thankful to journalists of national media and local media for giving coverage and highlighting the issues; especially Ms. Farahnaz Zahidi of Express Tribune, Riaz Sohail of BBC, Amar Guriro of Daily Times, Allah Buz Arisar of Daily Dawn and so on.
All CSOs, Human Rights activists especially Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) and individuals who extended their support and cooperation at every stage and RightsNow Pakistan which provide us support and help raising voices. Last not least personally I am thankful to AWARE Team members who are onboard or even left but whatever is on the credit of AWARE is that came to possible by their struggle, efforts and sincerity with suffering souls of Thar.

RNP: Have you faced any threat due to your work?

Ali: yes many threats which goes high when issues are raised. Some threats are all time high so then we have to work on them.

RNP: Have you attend any training on security, risk assessment or threat handling or designing personal security plans?
No not yet. We use common sense. Now we request RightsNow Pakistan for organizing such a training for human rights defenders in which we will offer our full cooperation.

RNP: Any message for human rights activists, civil society, international community?

Ali: Promote human rights, nonviolence, peace, pluralism, secularism, co existence. Thar is also part of Sindh and it should not be neglected in decision making and national policies. People of Thar are sensitive, famous for hospitality offer warm welcome to all who visit Thar regardless of their limited resoruce must be remembered when there is decision making about them.