Archive for December, 2013


We would like to be the first to admit that we could not meet our hundred percent resolutions we made for New Year 2013; however, we tried our best to achieve the target.  The reason and concept behind making these resolutions is setting a goal and working toward it and holding ourselves accountable at the end of the year.

We feel proud sharing that we successfully achieved more than 50% of what we set as a goal in 2013. We successfully advocated the rights of excluded, disadvantaged community, religious and sexual minorities, made efforts in defending human rights defenders, women rights defenders, lawyers, and community.

We raised the issues of Children and community affected by the disasters at both national and international forums.

We successfully raised the issues of Urban refugees at national and international forums.

We also raised the issues of sexual and religious minorities and used legal tools to defend them.

In education, skill development, and networking we educated young, mid career and senior human rights defenders, monitored their security situations, and provided them technical support in designing their security plans and linking them with local, national, and international resources.

We supported the positive initiative of STATE initiatives genuinely made for the people and community, supported the struggle of other civil society actors, assisted CBOs and WOs in their initiatives and provided legal support to them and communities.

We introduced refugee law, anti sexual harassment law, statelessness in law courses informally and struggling to make it part of syllabus officially.

We struggled, and supported the initiative and struggles of journalists and lawyers for media freedom and independence of judiciary and educated lawyers on law reforms, rule of law, general principles and persuasive laws and mobilized them on their role in administration of justice and independence of judiciary.

We encouraged legal bar association to promote and protect human rights and play strong role in addressing common people’s issues.

We successfully trained hundreds of police officials (regular and prison) on human rights, rule of law, rights of refugees, and religious and sexual minorities.

We welcome New Year 2014 with open mind, heart and resolve to work hard for the people, society, country and international peace and stability.

Helping others, standing for right and standing with helpless people and raising voice for them is our first resolution.

Strive hard for making difference in the society which ultimately benefit common people and bring positive changes in their lives. An additional resolve that even if we fail, we will still continue to strive until we achieve the goal.

We will be monitoring human rights situations, security of human rights defenders, building capacity of lawyers, journalists, women organizations and youth in the New Year.

We will further promote team work, coalition approach in work and elsewhere.

We will introduce ONE YEAR COURSE in Human Rights and will start a campaign for ending immunity and impunity.

We will promote the International Criminal Court in Pakistan, South-Asia and at international level.

We will continuously promote the approach: understand each others’ point of view and respect differences.

Finally we close this, with the poetry of Shah Abdul Bhittai, whose always focus the themes of peace, harmony and mutual respect and pray a sustainable, non discriminatory development and human rights for all. We wish happy New Year 2014 to all of you and pray for peaceful transition from 2013 to 2014.

Patience, humanity adopt,

For anger is disease-

Forbearance bringeth joy and ‘peace’,

If you would understand.

(Sur Kalyan; Peace)


 Lawyers Collective mourns the death of Nelson Mandela: 

 Reminds Sri Lanka of his key messages 

Lawyers Collective mourns the passing away of Nelson Mandela who accomplished his historic mission to end apartheid and established a free nation. First an activist and then a lawyer,he became the icon in the freedom struggle in South Africa. He had enormous capacity and ability to sustain the struggle to end one of the world’s worst crimes against humanity. Having served a long prison sentence for 26 years, he became the President of South Africa – a position he could have easily kept for himself till he breathed his last.  Yet he served just one term.  “After winning the war against apartheid, Mandela committed himself to establish democracy, instead of conspiring to rule for life or to amass wealth for his family”, says Lawyers Collective.  

 Lawyers   Collective sees this as an appropriate timefor our future leadersto look at his life as an example. Unlike many other authoritarian rulers in Africa and world over, Mandela did not want to be President for life. He is respected for leading the way for reconciliation with a different model of accountability.  His leadership in introducing one of the most democratic constitutions is a hallmark of his commitment to Rule of Law. He is much respected as a global statesman who did not have a vested interest for himself, his family or cronies of his own political party.  He stood for human rights for all and independence of judiciary. He firmly stood against abuse of power and corruption.  

 Nelson Mandela has commenced his legal practice in 1952 and pushed for social justice through a law firm, formed with his friend;  ‘Mandela & Tambo’ was the first all -black law firm in South Africa, which offered pro bono and low cost legal services to the clients charged with violation of segregation laws. His commitment persuaded the legal fraternity in South Africa to lead the struggle for Democracy.  His practice influenced the entire civil liberties movement in the world who perceived him as the “Moral Center of legal legacy”. With his activities against an all- powerful White Government, which was run by a deadly Defence Establishment, he was charged with treason before Court where he faced a trial and  was sentenced to life. He said,   during his trial in 1962, “I was made, by the law, a criminal, not because of what I had done, but because of what I stood for, because of what I thought, because of my conscience.” Lawyers Collective salutes the Great Leader for his commitment and inspirational leadership.

 JC Weliamuna

On behalf of Lawyers’ Collective

And on behalf of the High Court Bar Association Hyderabad, Sindh Progressive Lawyers Forum and other lawyers we join the Sri Lankan lawyers in this statement.  


8 December 2013



Humanity in Action is excited to announce that applications are open for the Diplomacy and Diversity Fellowship! 

Application and more info:

The Diplomacy and Diversity Fellowship is a new, advanced fellowship program for American and European graduate students about the intersection of foreign affairs and diversity. It will take place in Washington, DC and Paris from May 17 to June 14, 2014.


About Malala Fund

The Malala Fund is the organization founded and inspired by the Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai. Malala campaigned in Pakistan for the right of all girls to go to school in the face of a ban on female education by the Taliban. She was shot by the Taliban for her campaign at the age of 15 on her way home from school, causing global outrage. Malala survived the attack and went on to become a world-renowned leader for peace and education, the youngest ever Nobel Prize nominee, and the most powerful advocate for girls’ rights of our time. 

Malala launched the Malala Fund launched in October 2013, along with co-founder Shiza Shahid and a group of advisors, with the goal of creating a world where every girl has access to an education that empowers her to recognize her potential. The Fund has a two-pronged approach to its mission. First it invests in local entrepreneurs: working in communities to develop education solutions that are grounded in the reality of the girl and teaching her skills that empower her to lift herself out of poverty. Second, it aims to take these solutions to scale by pushing governments and donor organizations to prioritize high quality girls learning programs for girls. Malala and the Fund direct attention to the current state of girls’ education, and the potential of girls as an unparalleled force of change and development. The Fund then spotlights high-impact solutions that can de adopted and scaled by governments and multilateral institutions.

The organization is a start-up in its early stages. It is run by Shiza Shahid, who is the CEO, and advised by a cross-functional group of committed and passionate advisors including a partner at McKisney and a VP at Google. The team and the board will be built over the course of 2014.

Major Duties and Responsibilities

The Advocacy Director will lead the Fund’s advocacy work, with the goal of creating a campaign that brings increasing government and donor attention to girls’ education, and gives visibility to effective solutions.

This includes:

  • Work with CEO to develop advocacy strategy and implementation plan; 
  • Keep informed about and engaged with relevant research, debates, innovations and policy changes in education
  • Help prepare written materials, including policy analyses, innovation briefs, advocacy documents, and op-eds
  • Co-develop papers with partner organizations with key policy recommendations
  • Present policy recommendations to relevant groups, such as high-level government officials, international and regional institutions, media and general public;
  • Develop and maintain core partnerships with NGOs, UN, World Bank, Governments and communities;
  • Represent the Fund along with CEO, and sometimes Malala, at key international meetings at UN, World Bank
  • Be part of the start-up team and willing to contribute to other areas of work as need arises


Required Skills & Qualifications 

  • Experience in designing and implementing advocacy initiatives at the international, national land community level on gender/education/ related areas;
  • Strong relationship building skills with UN/multilateral agencies, government, and civil society/communities
  • Good analytical skills – ability to understand complex issues and present positions to governmental and intergovernmental bodies as well as to media and staff;
  • Excellent oral and written communication skills in English;
  • Creative thinker – eager to explore out-of-the-box ideas rather than simply fit within the traditional framework
  • Passion for start-ups, willing to play different roles as necessary, work in a small-team and get things done 

for more information on how to apply see…

 climate change will affect us in every way possible — from feeding ourselves to finding good jobs.

We must act now to raise awareness about climate change because it is already affecting us. I know that glaciers are melting faster in my home country, Nepal. My relatives who are farmers are experiencing unpredictable rainfall and declining soil quality.

How is climate change affecting you or your community?

Submit a 1-12 minute video documentary telling a story about climate change and you might win a cash prize up to $15,000 or video equipment. Youth from all over the world who are in two age groups, 14-17 and 18-35, are eligible to enter this contest, which will be judged by a panel of famous film directors and others. You can submit your video individually or in teams of five or fewer people. The deadline is Feb. 15.

For more information or to apply, please follow this link:

The Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB) is part of the University of Antwerp (Belgium) located in the very heart of Europe. It has several decades of experience in organising international education programmes in the field of development studies.

IOB currently offers one-year Master programmes in Development Studies:

Master in Development Evaluation and Management


Fully funded scholarships  for development professionals available

Every year, the Institute is home to some 100 students of more than thirty different nationalities and from diverse academic and professional backgrounds. This creates an extraordinary multicultural and multidisciplinary learning environment.

With backgrounds in economics, politics and other social sciences, IOB staff bring a multidisciplinary perspective to their teaching, research and policy advisory work.

Apply Now! (deadline application scholarship: 1st of February 2014)

Further questions? Mail at iob(at)

Institute of Development Policy and Management 
Lange Sint Annastraat 7 
2000 Antwerp
Tel. +32 (0)3 265 57 70 
Fax +32 (0)3 265 57 71

Man of Courage and Forgiveness- Nelson Mandela

Mitch McConnell

“Elaine and I are deeply saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela, a man whose skillful guidance of South Africa following the end of the Apartheid regime made him one of the great statesmen of our time and a global symbol of reconciliation. ‘Madiba’s’ patience through imprisonment and insistence on unity over vengeance in the delicate period in which he served stand as a permanent reminder to the world of the value of perseverance and the positive influence one good man or woman can have over the course of human affairs. The world mourns this great leader. May his passing lead to a deeper commitment to reconciliation around the world.”

John Boehner

Nelson Mandela was an unrelenting voice for democracy and his ‘long walk to freedom’ showed an enduring faith in God and respect for human dignity. His perseverance in fighting the apartheid system will continue to inspire future generations. Mandela led his countrymen through times of epic change with a quiet moral authority that directed his own path from prisoner to president. He passes this world as a champion of peace and racial harmony. I send condolences to the Mandela family and to the people of South Africa.”

Nancy Pelosi

“With the passing of Nelson Mandela, the world has lost a leader who advanced the cause of equality and human rights, who overcame a history of oppression in South Africa to expand the reach of freedom worldwide. He led the campaign to defeat apartheid through non-violence, peace, and dialogue. He never allowed resentment to drive him away from the path of reconciliation. He emerged from prison to set free an entire nation; he shed the bonds of slave labor to reshape the fate of his people.

“Nelson Mandela once said that ‘courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it.’ His life is the affirmation of this statement: a story of courage, a triumph over fear, a whole-hearted faith in the power, promise, and possibility of the human spirit. He inspired the world with his strength and perseverance, with his message of hope and his embrace of freedom. He left us a legacy of love and partnership.

“May the life of Nelson Mandela long stand as the ultimate tribute to the triumph of hope. May his story long remind us to always look forward with optimism to the future. May it be a comfort to his family, to his friends and loved ones, to the people of South Africa that so many mourn the loss of this extraordinary man and incredible leader at this sad time.”

George W. Bush

“Laura and I join the people of South Africa and the world in celebrating the life of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. President Mandela was one of the great forces for freedom and equality of our time. He bore his burdens with dignity and grace, and our world is better off because of his example. This good man will be missed, but his contributions will live on forever. Laura and I send our heartfelt sympathy to President Mandela’s family and to the citizens of the nation he loved.”

Bill Clinton

“I will never forget my friend Madiba,” Clinton tweeted, with this photo of himself and Mandela.

Joe Biden

“First his courage and then his forgiveness inspired us all, and challenged us to do better. In the words of the South African poet Peter Horn, he ‘dreamed the world another way.'”

Barack Obama

“We have lost one of the most influential, courageous & profoundly good human beings that any of us will share time with.”

Ed Royce

“The world has lost a humble, courageous and generous man. One of democracy’s strongest champions, Nelson Mandela selflessly served South Africa. His vision and lack of vindictiveness was amazing, and brought South Africans through a very difficult transition, which could have gone in a very different, violent direction. Most impressively, he elected to serve a single presidential term, turning over power he assuredly could have kept. When others remained silent, Mandela spoke out against Mugabe’s tyranny in neighboring Zimbabwe. His message of reconciliation must endure.”


Posted: December 6, 2013 in News and Views

“Applications are now open for Acumen’s Global Fellows Program! (Deadline: 13 December 2013)” on Peace and Collaborative Development Network

The United States Institute of Peace provides free on-line training on a number of different topics.


Posted: December 5, 2013 in News and Views



Course Instructor:   Ali A. Palh   Attorney at Law (Advocate) , LL.B Sindh Law College, Hyderabad, Masters Human Rights (Thailand), LL.M (United States), Executive Director: RightsNow Pakistan   Email:    Mob: 0346 3327655

Assistant: Shahid Babbar     Mobile: 0300 8733852

Suggested Books     

Main: Criminology & Penology by S.M.A. Qadri 

Additional resource: Principles of Criminology & Criminal Law by Sardar M. Iqbal Khan Mokal, Ranan A. Razaque & Prof: Yameen



Crime & Criminology

–          Crime,  definition

–          Scope and nature of criminology

–          Trends and patterns in Criminality

–          Crime, attempt and completion

Criminal Law & its Administration

–          Laws: Substantive and Procedural Criminal law

–          Elements of Crime

–          Jurisdictions and its types

–          General Exceptions (Defenses)

–          Courts in Pakistan

–          Hierarchy & functions



-Nature & Extent of Crime

-Victim and victimization


 -Theories: social process theory, social structure theory, trait theory, choice theory

   -Enterprise crime: white-collar crime, cyber crime, and organized crime

-Criminal Justice System

-Immunity and impuinity

-Heinous and international crimes (Crime against humanity, Genocide, War crimes etc

-Crime against state

-Crime against property

-Crime against Women

-Crime against Religion

-Crimes in news and crimes in reality

-Policing, correction and law enforcement

-Society, offence and offender 

-Court does not recognize immunity- a step to end impunity

-Situation in the ICC