SCOPE Demand for Declaration of Nagarparkar as a National Park

Posted: May 21, 2011 in News and Views

Tharparkar Desert is the land of beauty and mystery. It is spread over an area of 22,000 square kilometers. It has sand dunes, sand valleys, Karoonjhar hills and Rann of Kutch. Its boundaries are dividing India and Pakistan in the southeast. Its current population is 1,078,562. Thar Desert, is the most populous desert in the world. It has four Talukas (political divisions, like counties), namely Nagarparkar, Mithi, Deeplo, Chachro and half Taluka of Umerkot.
The uniqueness of this desert is that even though rainfall is scanty and uncertain (in the Monsoon Season), but, whenever it rains it leaves the desert lush green. There generally prevail drought conditions from April to July.
Even though biological diversity is rich in this area, it is completed neglected because of its remoteness and difficult terrain, but is not a problem for poachers, such as falcon trappers and Houbara Bustard poachers. The following table gives a clear idea about the wildlife species found in Thar Desert, both of local and global significance:
WILDLIFE SPECIES COMMONLY FOUND IN THAR
GLOBALLY SIGNIFICANT WILDLIFE SPECIES
GRAY PARTRIDGES
WILD ASS (EQUUS HERMIONUS KHUR)
BLACK PARTRIDGES
HOUBARA BUSTARD (CHLAMYDOTIS UNDULATA)
PEACOCKS
GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD (ARDEOTIS NIGRICEPS)
HOG DEER
LITTLE BUSTARD
MONGOOSE
SIARAS CRANE
SNAKES
FLAMINGO – LESSER AND GREATER
LOGER FALCON
WHITW AND DALMATION PELICAN
KOBRA
WHITE FLEMINGO
NATIVE WATER FOWL
BLUE BULL
LESSER WHISTLING TEAL
CHIKARA GAZELLE
COTTON TEAL
BILL DUCK
LEOPARD
WHITE RUMPED VULTURE
STRIPPED HYENA
Courtesy 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals
Apart from the above mentioned globally significant wildlife, the desert is also rich in flora and fauna of both medicinal and commercial value.
SCOPE Demand for Declaration of Nagarparkar as a National Park
Thar and Nagarparkar are rich in wildlife. These areas comes under wildlife sanctuary category of Sindh Wildlife law. Unfortunately illegal hunting and poaching is common in these areas which are threatening the biodiversity status of the area. Greater objectives of conservation of precious natural resources can not be met until Nagarparkar and its adjoining areas including Karonjhar hills, Jane temples, Bhodesar Mosque and other cultural sites are declared as national park. National park has highest level of wildlife protection status and this will attract eco tourists and researchers.
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